# Year 3 Mathematics

The National Curriculum for Mathematics in Year 3.

Number & Place Value

Our children will be taught to:

• count from 0 in multiples of 4, 8, 50 and 100; find 10 or 100 more or less than a given number

• recognise the place value of each digit in a 3-digit number (100s, 10s, 1s)

• compare and order numbers up to 1,000

• identify, represent and estimate numbers using different representations

• read and write numbers up to 1,000 in numerals and in words

• solve number problems and practical problems involving these ideas.

Our children will be taught to:

• add and subtract numbers mentally, including:

• a three-digit number and 1s

• a three-digit number and 10s

• a three-digit number and 100s

• add and subtract numbers with up to 3 digits, using formal written methods of columnar addition and subtraction

• estimate the answer to a calculation and use inverse operations to check answers

• solve problems, including missing number problems, using number facts, place value, and more complex addition and subtraction.

Multiplication & Division

Our children will be taught to:

• recall and use multiplication and division facts for the 3, 4 and 8 multiplication tables

• write and calculate mathematical statements for multiplication and division using the multiplication tables that they know, including for two-digit numbers times one-digit numbers, using mental and progressing to formal written methods

• solve problems, including missing number problems, involving multiplication and division, including positive integer scaling problems and correspondence problems in which n objects are connected to m objects.

Fractions

Our children will be taught to:

• count up and down in tenths; recognise that tenths arise from dividing an object into 10 equal parts and in dividing one-digit numbers or quantities by 10

• recognise, find and write fractions of a discrete set of objects: unit fractions and non-unit fractions with small denominators

• recognise and use fractions as numbers: unit fractions and non-unit fractions with small denominators

• recognise and show, using diagrams, equivalent fractions with small denominators

• add and subtract fractions with the same denominator within one whole  [for example,
5/7 + 1/7 = 6/7 ]

• compare and order unit fractions, and fractions with the same denominators

• solve problems that involve all of the above.

Measurement

Our children will be taught to:

• measure, compare, add and subtract: lengths (m/cm/mm); mass (kg/g); volume/capacity (l/ml)

• measure the perimeter of simple 2-D shapes

• add and subtract amounts of money to give change, using both £ and p in practical contexts

• tell and write the time from an analogue clock, including using Roman numerals from I to XII, and 12-hour and 24-hour clocks

• estimate and read time with increasing accuracy to the nearest minute; record and compare time in terms of seconds, minutes and hours; use vocabulary such as o’clock, am/pm, morning, afternoon, noon and midnight

• know the number of seconds in a minute and the number of days in each month, year and leap year

• compare durations of events

Properties of Shapes

Our children will be taught to:

• draw 2-D shapes and make 3-D shapes using modelling materials; recognise 3-D shapes in different orientations and describe them

• recognise angles as a property of shape or a description of a turn

• identify right angles, recognise that 2 right angles make a half-turn, 3 make three quarters of a turn and 4 a complete turn; identify whether angles are greater than or less than a right angle

• identify horizontal and vertical lines and pairs of perpendicular and parallel lines.

Statistics

Our children will be taught to:

• interpret and present data using bar charts, pictograms and tables

• solve one-step and two-step questions [for example, ‘How many more?’ and ‘How
many fewer?’] using information presented in scaled bar charts and pictograms and tables.

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